Effective thermal management influences both the quality and quantity of light available from a high-brightness (HB) LED. Since the emitted wavelength increases linearly with the temperature of the die, maintaining a stable die temperature for consistent colour output is important in assemblies containing large numbers of LEDs. This is particularly important with the emerging families of white LEDs, as the human eye is able to differentiate very small colour changes in white light.
Also, the intensity of the emitted light is heavily dependent on the forward current supplied, and higher current causes the die temperature to increase. Good thermal management techniques are required to achieve bright light without exceeding the recommended maximum die temperature.
This article was published in the September/October 2007 issue of LEDs Magazine.
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