There is, however, at least one drawback to using LEDs for LCD backlights: it’s more difficult to design the light guide extraction features. CCFLs are relatively large and linear, which means that their extraction-feature patterns are roughly linear in one dimension. LEDs are small and discrete in nature, so their extraction patterns need to have structure in two dimensions.
This complicates light guide design, which is often done through a tedious and expensive trial-and-error process. A designer lays out a pattern, creates a mockup, tests it, makes modifications based upon the results, and then repeats some of these steps, if necessary. A more practical approach relies on illumination design and analysis software packages, many of which have design and analysis tools that are useful for backlight designers.
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